What is Fatty Liver Disease?

Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis) Disease means extra fat in liver.It is  normal to have some fat in  liver, but too much fat can become a health problem.

The Liver is the second largest organ in our body.The Function of the liver is to process everything we eat or drink and filter any harmful substances from the blood. If there is too much fat in the liver,this process is interrupted.Fatty liver is when fat accounts for more than 5 to 10 percent of your liver’s weight.

Fatty Liver is a reversible condition that can be often  resolved with lifestyle modifications. In many cases, fatty liver has no symptoms. It doesn’t usually cause permanent damage unless it progresses.

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Fatty liver is a common condition, affecting around 10 to 20 of people without cirrhosis or inflammation. Most cases of fatty liver are detected in people between ages 40 and 60,studies says.

Fatty liver can become harmful to the liver if its underlying cause isn’t recognized and treated.


Typically fatty liver has no associated symptoms. Sometimes a fatigue or vague abdominal discomfort can occur.Some of the symptoms are :

  • a poor appetite
  • weight loss
  • abdominal pain
  • physical weakness
  • fatigue
  • confusion


The most common cause of fatty liver is alcoholism and heavy drinking.

Besides alcoholism, other common causes of fatty liver include:

  • obesity
  • hyperlipidemia, or high levels of fats in the blood
  • diabetes
  • genetic inheritance
  • rapid weight loss
  • side effect of certain medications, including aspirin, steroids, tamoxifen (Nolvadex), and tetracycline (Panmycin)

Types Of Fatty Liver

There are two basic types of fatty liver: Non-alcoholic and Alcoholic.

  • Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) develops when the liver has difficulty breaking down fats, which causes a buildup in the liver tissue. The cause is not related to alcohol. NAFL is diagnosed when more than 10 percent of the liver is fat.
  • Alcoholic Fatty Liver is the earliest stage of alcohol-related liver disease. Heavy drinking damages the liver, and the liver cannot break down fats as a result. Abstaining from alcohol will likely cause the fatty liver to subside. Within six weeks of not drinking alcohol, the fat will disappear. However, if excessive alcohol use continues, cirrhosis may develop.


There isn’t a medication or surgery to treat fatty liver.but the doctors recommend so many factors to reduce the risk .This may include :

  • limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages
  • managing your cholesterol and reducing your intake of sugar and saturated fatty acids
  • losing weight
  • controlling your blood sugar

Fatty Liver Disease  can also be prevented by reducing or eliminating fatty foods and foods high in sugar from your diet.Choose healthier foods such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Replace red meats with lean animal proteins such as chicken and fish.

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Maintain healthy diet,do regular exercises and through a healthy lifestyle you can prevent Fatty liver Disease and Stay Healthy!